Asthma affects close to 25 million people in the United States alone; that’s roughly one in 12 people, according to the numbers produced by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Characterized by a severe inflammation of the lungs, coughing and mucus, asthma causes the airways to have less-than-optimal function for breathing. If not properly treated, asthma can be extremely detrimental to overall health. Typically developed as a child, asthma can actually affect anyone at any age.
The most common and most deadly respiratory ailment in the U.S., even more so than smoking, asthma comes in a variety of forms, with a number of different treatments and remedies used to help. Because each type of asthma is unique from person to person, it presents itself in a few different ways. Treatment usually depends on the type of asthma and the environmental triggers causing the asthma in the first place. Here are the six most common forms of asthma:
As the name suggests, this type of asthma is set off by allergic reactions to certain things, such as pollen or dander in the air. Sometimes in some people, certain foods can be dangerous triggers for allergic asthma. Casein has been proven to be one of the biggest culprits in food that sets off allergic asthma, as well as gluten and wheat.
Asthma Without Allergies
This form of asthma presents itself just like allergic asthma, however, the triggers are not allergy-related. Things like respiratory weakness and influenza can set off this type of asthmatic attack. Eliminating any instance of inflammation in the chest or upper respiratory area can drastically decrease asthma attacks.
Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease (AERD)
This type is triggered by the ingestion of aspirin; it comes about mostly due to the chemical makeup of some forms of aspirin triggering a response in the entire respiratory area. Often occurring in those that do not know they are allergic to aspirin, symptoms often include nasal polyps, sneezing and a runny nose, which can set off the asthma.
Typically occurring in young children or adolescents, the onset of this asthma comes as physical exertion and activity increases. Trouble breathing, tightness in the chest and restricted airways are part of the body’s way to try to overcompensate and produce more oxygen as the body moves more. An inhaler is commonly used as an effective and fast form of relief.
Characterized by a dry, hacking cough, cough variant asthma mostly occurs during the warmer seasons, and comes about due to dryness in the throat area and dehydration. Drinking water, and maintaining an open airway as best as possible is key to relieving this type of asthma in a hurry.
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